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A systematic review of the gonadal effects of therapeutic radioactive …

Background For patients with well‐differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC), the gonadal effects of radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy is an important consideration. Objective and methods We systematically reviewed the controlled studies examining the gonadal effects of RAI therapy in male WDTC survivors. We searched in nine electronic databases

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Radioactive Iodine (Radioiodine) Therapy for Thyroid Cancer

Because of this, radioactive iodine (RAI, also called I-131) can be used to treat thyroid cancer. The RAI collects mainly in thyroid cells, where the radiation can destroy the thyroid gland and any other thyroid cells (including cancer cells) that take up iodine, with little effect on the rest of your body. The radiation dose used here is much ...

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Radioactive Iodine - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Radioactive Iodine. RAI is delivered by Iodine-131, which emits mostly beta particles and some gamma radiation (10% of total). The depth penetration of beta particles in tissue is 2 mm. RAI is preferentially taken up by thyrocytes, and it destroys thyroid cells and their function.

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Association Between Radioactive Iodine Treatment for Pediatric …

Among 2-year and 5-year survivors of pediatric or young-adulthood differentiated thyroid cancer identified from nine US cancer registries (1975-2017), RAI therapy was associated with 51% and 23% increased risks of total hematologic (including leukemia) and solid malignancies, respectively. ... Association Between Radioactive Iodine Treatment ...

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RadioActive Iodine (RAI) – Cancer SURVIVOR – The …

March 24, 2011 — 3 Comments. cancer survivor, Low-Iodine Diet (LID), Radioactive Iodine, RadioActive Iodine (RAI), Thyroid Cancer.

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Association Between Radioactive Iodine Treatment for Pediatric …

1,2 With 15,445 estimated new cases in 2020, thyroid cancer ranks as the second most common cancer in people younger than age 45 years in the United States. 3 Use of radioactive iodine (RAI) for DTC treatment also increased through 2009, especially in young patients. 4-9 However, in addition to providing limited to no survival benefit for localized DTC, …

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Radioactive contamination - Wikipedia

22 Radioactive iodine-131 is a common fission product; it was a major component of the radioactivity released from the Chernobyl disaster, leading to nine fatal cases of pediatric thyroid cancer and hypothyroidism. On the other hand, radioactive iodine is used in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases of the thyroid precisely because of the ...

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The Impact of Thyroid Cancer and Post-Surgical Radioactive Iodine ...

The Impact of Thyroid Cancer and Post-Surgical Radioactive Iodine Treatment on the Lives of Thyroid Cancer Survivors: A Qualitative Study Authors. Keywords. Thyroid carcinomas, Cancer treatment, Physicians, Cancer detection and diagnosis, Health care providers, Decision making, Iodine, Treatment guidelines ...

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Iodine pills won't stop radiation in nuclear attack | abc10.com

Over-the-counter iodine pills, which contain the chemical compound potassium iodide, are shown to be useful in preventing thyroid cancer caused by radioactive iodine, especially in children.

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Medical radioactive iodine-125 miniature radiation sources and …

The present invention relates to new radioactive iodine-125 miniature radiation sources (seeds) comprising a radioactive carrier matrix which consists of a porous and mechanically stable inorganic material, the pores of which contain inorganic insoluble iodide-125, and which is enclosed within a capsule made of a corrosion-resistent and body-compatible material or …

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Radioactive Iodine – Cancer SURVIVOR – The Journey

cancer survivor, RadioActive Iodine (RAI), Thyroid Cancer, Thyroidectomy. Note to Self. February 20, 2011 — 1 Comment. cancer survivor, Inspiration & Motivation, Thyrogen, Thyroid Cancer. Pain in the @ss. October 18, 2010 — 3 Comments. cancer survivor, papillary thyroid cancer, Thyroid Cancer, Thyroid Nodule. Bringing Out of the Thyloset

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Radioactive Iodine therapy : gravesdisease

We're probably looking at radioactive iodine and I'm so pissed and sad. None of my options feel like real, good or viable options for me. The idea of being on meds for the rest of my life (am f23) is so overwhelming and I honestly hate just the idea of it. I know I'll have to wait for the results and the final plan, but I'm so ...

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Increased cancer risk observed decades after radioactive iodine …

Researchers analyzed data from nine U.S. Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results cancer registries (1975-2017) to estimate RRs for solid and hematopoietic malignancies associated with RAI ...

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Abstract Journal Endocrine Surgery - 2022 - ANZ Journal of …

There is controversy however, regarding the extent of surgery and adjuvant radioactive iodine therapy for angioinvasive follicular thyroid carcinoma when stratified by number of foci. ... Respondents completed the Assessment of Survivor Concerns (ASC) survey at baseline, 3-, 6- and 12-months following diagnosis. Semi-structured telephone ...

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Radioactive Iodine | American Thyroid Association

Iodine, in the form of iodide, is made into two radioactive forms of iodine that are commonly used in patients with thyroid diseases: I-123 (harmless to thyroid cells) and I-131 (destroys thyroid cells).The radiation emitted by each of these forms of iodine can be detected from outside the patient to gain information about thyroid function and take pictures of the size …

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The impact of thyroid cancer and post-surgical radioactive iodine ...

Background: Adjuvant treatment with radioactive iodine (RAI) is often considered in the treatment of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC). We explored the recollections of thyroid cancer survivors on the diagnosis of WDTC, adjuvant radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment, and decision-making related to RAI treatment.

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Radioactive iodine treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma in …

Introduction. Radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy is one of the mainstays for managing patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) and has a definitive role in selected cases with distant metastases ().However, the effectiveness of ablative or adjuvant RAI therapy for preventing oncologic events in surgically curable diseases has been controversial (2-4), and it has not …

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Radioactive iodine therapy: 9 things to know

When used for diagnosis, very small amounts of radioactive iodine help highlight the areas where cancerous thyroid cells are on scans. When we're using radioactive iodine therapy to treat thyroid cancer or hyperthyroidism, higher doses are required. The iodine molecules emit radiation, which destroys the malfunctioning thyroid cells.

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Radioactive Iodine (RAI) | ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer …

Thyroid cancer patients with papillary or follicular thyroid cancer often receive a dose of radioactive iodine (RAI) about two months after their surgery in an attempt to destroy (ablate) any remaining thyroid cells in their bodies.

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RAI Treatment in DTC Survivors Associated With Increased Risk of …

Increased risks of several solid tumors found to be associated with radioactive iodine treatment for patients with childhood and young-adulthood differentiated thyroid cancer.

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Is "Radioactive Iodine Treatment" radiation? — Cancer Survivors …

M phase (mitosis): In this phase, which lasts only 30 to 60 minutes, the cell actually splits into 2 new cells. This cell cycle is important in cancer treatment because radiation is usually more effective on cells that are actively or quickly dividing. It is less effective on cells that are in the resting phase (G0) or are dividing slowly.

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Radioactive Iodine Therapy (I-131) — Cancer Survivors Network

Radioactive Iodine Therapy (I-131) ardjash Member Posts: 2. October 2004 edited March 2014. in Thyroid Cancer. #1. I am having Radioactive Iodine therapy on the 29th of this month. My endocrinologist informed me that following my therapy, I would need to stay in the hospital or a similar facility for 3 days, to avoid radiation exposure to ...

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Long Term Effects Of Radioactive Iodine Treatment For …

The cancer of for a few days and effectively treats thyroid cancer survivors have signs and requirement for. These cookies do not store any personal information. Radiation can destroy healthy tissue along with ... Radioactive iodine treatment for papillary thyroid cancer was truly the first targeted therapy ever to be developed for any

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The Effect of Radioactive Iodine Therapy on Ovarian Function …

Introduction: Thyroid cancer is one of the most common carcinomas diagnosed in adolescents and young adults, with a rapidly rising incidence for the past three decades. Surgery is the standard treatment for patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), and when indicated, followed by radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment. The aim of this study was to …

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Cancers | Free Full-Text | Risk of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in …

This meta-analysis investigated whether thyroidectomy or radioactive iodine treatment (RAIT) in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) was associated with an increase in adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as miscarriage, preterm delivery, and congenital malformations. A total of 22 articles (5 case-control and 17 case series studies) from 1262 studies identified …

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Is "Radioactive Iodine Treatment" radiation? — Cancer Survivors …

Radiosensitivity is a term used to describe how vulnerable a cell is to radiation damage. Radiation therapy attacks reproducing cancer cells, but it can also affect reproducing cells of normal tissues. The damage to normal cells is what causes side effects.

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Radioactive Iodine - Diagnostic, Therapeutic, Advantages, …

The stable isotope of iodine is 127I. Its radioactive isotopes of medicinal importance are: 131 I: physical half-life is 8 days—most commonly used in medicine. 123I: physical half-life is 13 hours—only rarely used diagnostically. 125I: physical half-life is 60 days. Their chemical behaviour is similar to the stable isotope.

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Radioactive Iodine Question from a newbie.... - Thyroid cancer

The ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association Support Community connects patients, families, friends and caregivers for support and inspiration. This community is sponsored by ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, an Inspire trusted partner.

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Radioactive Iodine — Cancer Survivors Network

Foreword: I-131 (RAI) has a half life. This means that twenty-four hours after you ingest, it will be half the strength it was when you took it. After that it becomes half of a half and so on and so forth. 1. Keep at least a ten foot radius from other people for at least seven days. For the first three days it is better to stay away completely.

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RAI to blame for kidney failure? - Thyroid cancer

The ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association Support Community connects patients, families, friends and caregivers for support and inspiration. This community is sponsored by ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, an Inspire trusted partner. ... Kidney damage was not listed as a common side-effect of radioactive iodine. Of course a ...

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Patients Treated with Radioactive Drugs | NRC.gov

This radioactive iodine is used in the form of sodium iodide and because of the extremely small amounts used for imaging or destroying cells, RAI is safe to use in individuals who have had allergic reactions to seafood or X-ray …

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Risk and outcome of subsequent malignancies after radioactive iodine ...

It has been reported that DTC survivors have an 10–30% higher risk of developing a SM comparing with the general population [5,6,7,8]. These greater risks are probably a result of the combination of lifestyle, environment, genetic factors and the medical treatment for DTC. Radioactive iodine (RAI) is commonly used in DTC treatment .

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A systematic review examining the effects of therapeutic …

In survivors of DTC, there is little observational evidence to suggest important adverse effects of RAI treatment on gonadal function, fertility or pregnancy outcomes beyond 12 months, with the exception of a possible slightly earlier age of menopause.

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Thyroid Cancer Connect - Inspire

Radioactive iodine Papillary and follicular thyroid cancer (differentiated) Medullary thyroid cancer Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) Anaplastic thyroid cancer Pediatric thyroid cancer Surgery Using targeted therapies Low iodine diet Thyroid replacement medication Childbearing and thyroid cancer Long-term survivors

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Risk and outcome of subsequent malignancies after radioactive …

Background: We identified differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) survivors from SEER registries and performed Poisson regression to calculate the relative risks (RRs) of subsequent malignancies (SMs) by different sites associated with radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment, and the attributable risk proportion of RAI for developing different SMs. ...